tricorn n : cocked hat with the brim turned up to form three points [syn: tricorne]
The tricorne (also tricorn, tri-cornered hat or three-cornered hat) is a style of hat that was popular during the late 17th century and 18th century, falling out of style shortly before the French Revolution. At the peak of its popularity, the tricorne was worn as civilian dress and as part of military and naval uniforms.
The black-coloured tricorne has a rather broad brim, pinned up on either side of the head and at the back, producing a triangular shape. The hat was typically worn with the point facing forward on the head. The crown is low, unlike the steeple hats worn by the Puritans or the stovepipe hat of the nineteenth century.
Tricornes ranged from the very simple and cheap to the extravagant, occasionally incorporating gold or silver lace trimming and feathers. In addition, military and naval versions usually bore a cockade or other national emblem at the front. The tricorne later evolved into the bicorne and eventually the cocked hat.
Tricornes survive today as part of the traditional dress of the Chelsea Pensioners (UK), and the Guardia Civil (Spain) (picture of same).
A black feathered tricorne is worn by the Lord Mayor of the City of London for all ceremonials and is in evidence at the annual Lord Mayor's Show in November, when the newly elected Lord Mayor enthusiastically waves it at the crowds.
In the United States, the tricorne is associated with the American Revolution and American Patriots of that era, especially Minutemen (militia members of the American Colonies). Participants in reenactment events often don tricornes, and they also can be seen in sports culture as worn by fans of teams with Revolutionary names, such as the New England Patriots (an American football team), the New England Revolution (a Major League Soccer team), the US national soccer team, the University of Massachusetts, and the George Washington University.
tricorn in Asturian: Tricorniu
tricorn in Catalan: Tricorni
tricorn in German: Dreispitz
tricorn in Spanish: Tricornio
tricorn in French: Tricorne
tricorn in Japanese: 三角帽子
tricorn in Norwegian: Trekantet hatt
tricorn in Polish: Trikorn
tricorn in Russian: Треуголка
tricorn in Swedish: Trekornshatt
tricorn in Chinese: 三角帽